2B65B4075C66BE1B1DBD1236178169FA Рефераты — Тары-Бары · Век информации
Век информации

Век информации

From the very beginning of the development of computers, they were always correlated with the human brain, with its ability to think. Back in 1953, Claude Shannon, one of those engineers and mathematicians who could be called the founder of the theory of information and computerization, wrote: “The brain was often compared, sometimes too enthusiastically, with computers. The brain contains 1010 active elements called neurons. Since the transmission of nerve excitations is carried out on the “all or nothing” principle, neurons have some functional similarity with elements of a binary computing machine — relays, lamps, or transistors. True, the number of cells a million times (6 orders of magnitude) exceeds the number of elements used in the most complex computing devices (the memory capacity of machines that Shannon has in mind — ENIAK or UNIAK — was 1–3 kb; for comparison: a modern three-inch A floppy disk stores about a thousand times more information (VG). McCulloc figuratively said that a computer that has as many lamps as neurons a human brain would require for its deployment the Empire State Building, Niagara Falls to provide it with energy and Niagara for cooling.

The Information Age is an ongoing period in the history of mankind, characterized by a global shift from the traditional industry, established by the industrial revolution, to the digitized, computerized industry, based on information transfer. Also, the era is characterized by ample opportunities for individuals to freely transmit and receive information and instant access, both to mastered knowledge, and to any information about plans set by humanity.

The beginning of the information age is associated with the digital revolution, just as the industrial revolution marked the beginning of the Industrial era.

The idea is related to the concept of the digital age or the digital revolution and includes the implications of the transition from traditional industry. The industrial revolution came through industrialization to an economy based on the manipulation of information.

In the age of industry it was customary to study, get a good certificate or diploma, find a reliable job with guaranteed benefits and hold on to it for the rest of your life. After working for about twenty years, a person retired, and until the end of his life the company and the government took care of him.

In the information age, the rules have changed. Now a person studies, gets a good certificate or diploma, finds a job and first of all undergoes a refresher course. Then he finds a new company, a new job and is retrained again.

And then he prays to God for the deferred money to last for him after sixty-five, because nowadays the old people live a long time.

Our whole world exists around us only as we imagine it, on the basis of the information we received from outside and processed by our logic device. Our logic is formed throughout life. This is the chain of regular events that took place in your life practice. But often, our logic is replaced by certain stereotypes, postulates, sometimes imposed from the outside for one purpose or another. An example of this is a religious fanatic. In a dispute with you, he will not be based on logic, but on belief in something he has never seen or touched, not trying to comprehend alternative information. But if you look at the fact, for most modern people, logic is initially replaced by stereotypes, and we, in fact, are no different from fanatics. Blonde means fool, easy behavior, and your brain will accumulate the information that confirms this event.

And what is the information … In essence, this is the energy supplied to a logical device through a certain interface. In our case, through the organs of touch. Information for a person in the original source is oscillations and waves (the essence of the energies of light, sound, heat, etc.). But even from the known types of distribution of energy, a person perceives only no more than 5% of the entire range.

In general, what is stored on our modest flash drive? Car brands, fashion collections of fashion designers, biographies of stars … in other words more rubbish, which will become obsolete and generally depreciate, even after a couple of years. But when did a person acquire such a powerful logical device, as a result of which mutation (does it turn out that he never used it in full force, or used it?) and why is such a weak interface attached to it?

Today information technologies are involved everywhere: in industry, air transport, railway transport, science, education, social structures, government, economy and culture.

We make purchases online, work here, we study remotely in schools through Internet resources, attend webinars, video conferences, contact government agencies and services online.

Soon we will generally cease to imagine life without information technology.

Библиографический список:

  1. https://berichnow.ru/stati/21-vek-vek-informatsionnyih-tehnologiy-chto-v-nem-osobennogo
  2. http://magazines.russ.ru/novyi_mi/1999/8/gubail.html
  3. https://familny.ru/
  4. http://tainy.net/31018-vek-informacii.html

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